Prince Arthur | Biography

Quick Wiki

  • Full Name Arthur William Patrick Albert
  • Nickname Prince Arthur
  • Birth Date May 01, 1950
  • Death Date 1942-01-16
  • Place Of Death Bagshot Park, United Kingdom
  • Nationality British
  • Birthplace Buckingham Palace, London, United Kingdom
  • Zodiac Sign Capricorn
  • Occupation Duke of Connaught, Strathearn & the Earl of Sussex.
  • Mother Queen Victoria
  • Father Prince Consort Albert
  • Relationship Status Married
  • Wife Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
First Duke of Connaught, Strathearn & Earl of Sussex

Prince Arthur | Biography

Third son of Queen Victoria

When Arthur was 8, his mother wrote a letter to Prince Albert's father, expressing how much she adored her son. Arthur "was dear, dearer than any of the others put together, thus after you he is the dearest and most precious object to me on Earth," said the letter.

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, was the seventh child and third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. He was a prominent member of the British Military. 

Who was Prince Arthur?

Prince Arthur was born on 1 May 1850. His full name was Arthur William Patrick Albert. He was born to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He was the seventh child of the couple and the third son of his mother.

In 1874 he was declared a royal duke and became the first Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and the Earl of Sussex. He received education from private tutors. Later in 1866, he was enrolled at Royal Military Academy Woolwich. After his graduation, he was authorized as a lieutenant in the British Army. There, he served for around four decades, covering several parts of the British Empire. 

Prince Arthur Was His Mother's Favorite

Arthur was a well-behaved and obedient child, a favorite kid of his mother as he barely caused any problems to his mother Queen Victoria.

When Arthur was 8, his mother wrote a letter to Prince Albert's father, expressing how much she adored her son. Arthur "was dear, dearer than any of the others put together, thus after you he is the dearest and most precious object to me on Earth," said the letter.

Prince Arthur's Military Roles

Arthur joined the British forces in 1867, served long, and held several distinguished military ranks. He developed a healthy relationship with the Rifle Brigade in 1870.

In 1882 he served in Egypt, leading the 1st Guards Brigade at Tel el Kebir. He remained the last British prince to lead the largest troops in Egypt. Eventually, in 1883 he was already a major-general in charge.

After his time in Egypt, he voyaged to India and shepherded the Bombay command from 1886 to 1890. He was a social change advocate in India. He strived to modernize the Indian army and reduce the social differences between British and Indian soldiers and officers.

His exceptional army performance helped him be a full general in 1893. He returned back to England from India and held several military positions. Then, in 1902, he was appointed as a field marshal.

The duke served as Commander in Chief in Ireland from 1900-1904 and Inspector General to the troop from 1904-1907. His major role and responsibilities as an Inspector General were to report the status of the British Army.  

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The Duke's Conflict With Edward VII Landed Him In Malta

He also served as Commander in Chief in Malta and high commissioner of the Mediterranean from 1907 to 1909. He was sent to Malta because of his critique of the Esher army reforms as being 'eyewash,' which wasn't pleasing to Edward VII, former king of the United Kingdom.

Prince Arthur described this role as being 'the fifth wheel on the coach,' a hindrance towards improving the forces' efficiency. He expressed that this role squandered his time as well.

He resigned from the British army in 1909 reportedly because he was dissatisfied with then King Edward and then Prime Minister R.B. Haldane.

Governor-General of Canada (1911-1916)

After he ended his military service, he was designated as Governor-General of Canada in 1911, the 10th from the time of the Canadian confederation. His nephew, King George V, bestowed this role after obtaining the president's recommendation of the United Kingdom H. H. Asquith. Asquith had recommended replacing Earl Grey as ruler, holding the post until the Duke of Devonshire was superseded in 1916.

The Duke's Controversy

When Prince Arthur was designated as governor-general of Canada, he became a subject of controversy after he strived to intervene in Canada's military affairs.


The duke married Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia on 13 March 1879. The couple was bestowed with precious gifts such as a diamond tiara, pearl, and diamond pendant. They were together till her death on 14 March 1917. Then on 16 January 1942, he passed away as the last son surviving son of Queen Victoria. 

Prince Arthur with his Wife
Prince Arthur with his wife, Princess Louise Margaret (Photo: Instagram

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